10 Things to know about Protein:
Protein is a nutrient that is needed daily by the body. Protein has many functions:
- It helps to build, repair, and maintain body cells and tissues like your skin, muscles, organs, blood, and even bones.
- Protein should consume within 30 minutes after you work out to replenish your tissue.
- It has 4 calories per Gram and there are 7-8 grams/ oz.
- It also forms enzymes and hormones that enable your body to function normally. Enzymes enable chemical reactions to take place in your body. Hormones signal the appropriate enzymes to start working on what the body needs.
- Proteins as antibodies protect you from disease-carrying bacteria and viruses.
- Proteins help regulate the quantity of fluids in the compartments of the body to maintain your fluid balance. Protein also controls the composition of the body fluids.
- Proteins control your body’s acid-base balance. Normal processes of the body continually produce acids and their opposite, bases, which must be carried by the blood to the excretion organs.
- Only protein can perform all the functions described above. But it will be sacrificed to provide needed calories if insufficient fat and carbohydrates foods are not eaten.
- The Purpose of Amino Acids -Once the amino acids are circulating in the blood stream they are available to be taken up by any cell of the body. Amino acids combine with other amino acids to form the specific proteins needed by the body.
- Nine amino acids are considered ESSENTIAL Your body cannot make them, and your food choices must supply them. Their names may sound familiar: histamine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.
Best Sources of Protein:
- Rice and pea proteins mixed together make complete proteins that are easy to digest, therefore they replenish muscle and tissue easier before and after a workout.
- Lean Animal Proteins- Eggs, chicken without the skin, fish grilled, etc…
- Soy protein in moderation, too much has been found to increase estrogen levels in the body and can possibly be cancer causing.
- Whey is a difficult protein to digest, could cause cramping.